List of Nobel Prize Winners 2019: Physics, Chemistry, Economics, Peace, Literature,Medicine

In this article we are sharing the “Nobel Prize 2019 Winners List” with some important facts. The prize committees announced the Laureates of the 2019 Nobel Prize and the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel from 7th Octber to 14th October 2019 revealing the scientists, writers and peace workers who – in keeping with the vision of Alfred Nobel – have conferred the greatest benefit to mankind.

The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.

The will of the Swedish chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901. The prizes are widely regarded as the most prestigious awards available in their respective fields.

In 1968, Sweden’s central bank Sveriges Riksbank established the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. The award is based on a donation received by the Nobel Foundation in 1968 from Sveriges Riksbank on the occasion of the bank’s 300th anniversary. The first Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen in 1969. The Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden, according to the same principles as for the Nobel Prizes that have been awarded since 1901.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, the Nobel Prize in Physics, and the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel; the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute awards the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; the Swedish Academy grants the Nobel Prize in Literature; and the Norwegian Nobel Committee awards the Nobel Peace Prize.

In this article, we are sharing the complete list of “Nobel Prize winners 2019” along with some most important points, that will act as a score booster for students in the upcoming examinations. Check the list of Nobel prize 2019 winners & their photos.

Nobel Prize Winners 2019 List

About Nobel Prize:

  • Annual awards are given in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace, and Economics.
  • First established in 1895 at the will of the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel.
  • All the Nobel Prize except Peace Prize awarded in Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Peace Prize awarded in Oslo, Norway.
  • The Prize is not awarded posthumously.
  • The Nobel Prize in Physics, Chemistry, Economic and Science presented by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
  • The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is presented by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute.
  • The Nobel Prize for Literature presented by the Swedish Academy.
  • The Nobel Prize in Peace presented by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.
  • Youngest Nobel Laureate (17-years): Malala Yousafzai for Peace in 2014.
  • Oldest Nobel Laureate (97-years): John B. Goodenough for Chemistry in 2019.




Indian Nobel Laureates:

  • Till now, 13 Indians (5 Indian citizens and 8 of Indian origin or residency) have been awarded Nobel Prize
  • The first person of Indian origin and also first Asian to be awarded the Nobel Prize was Rabindranath Tagore for his works “Gitanjali” in 1913.
  • First Indian recipient of Nobel Prize in Physics was C. V. Raman for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him” in 1930.
  • First Indian recipient of Nobel Prize for Peace was Mother Teresa in 1979.
  • First Indian recipient of Nobel Prize in Economics was Amartya Sen in 1998.
  • First Indian recipient of Nobel Prize in Peace  was Kailash Satyarthi in 2014.
  • The only woman from India in the list of Nobel Prize recipient is Mother Teresa.

Overseas citizens of Indian origin:

The following are not Indians, but rather Nobel laureates born in British India or laureates who are of Indian origin but subsequently non-citizens of India; however, they are still often included in lists of Indian Nobel laureates.




LaureateFieldYear
Har Gobind KhoranaPhysiology or
Medicine
1968
Subrahmanyan
Chandrasekhar
Physics1983
Venkatraman
Ramakrishnan
Chemistry2009
Abhijit BanerjeeEconomics2019

Other:

The following are Nobel laureates with Indian linkages – foreigners who were born in India, those who are of Indian ancestry and those who were residents in India when they became recipients of the Nobel Prize.

LaureateFieldYear
Ronald RossPhysiology or Medicine1902
Rudyard KiplingLiterature1907
14th Dalai LamaPeace1989
V. S. NaipaulLiterature2001

On 1 December 1999, the Norwegian Nobel Committee confirmed that Mahatma Gandhi was nominated unsuccessfully for the Peace Prize five times (from 1937 to 1939, in 1947 and a few days before he was assassinated in January 1948)

Notably, Sri Aurobindo, the Indian poet, philosopher, nationalist and developer of integral yoga, was nominated unsuccessfully for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1943 and for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950.




2019 Nobel Prize Winners List:

1. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2019

The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has decided to award the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly to

  1. William G. Kaelin Jr
  2. Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe
  3. Gregg L. Semenza

“for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.”

2. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2019

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics “for contributions to our understanding of the evolution of the universe and Earth’s place in the cosmos” with one half to James Peebles “for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology” and the other half jointly to Michel Mayor and Didier Quelozfor the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.”

  1. James Peebles
  2. Michel Mayor
  3. Didier Queloz

for contributions to our understanding of the evolution of the universe and Earth’s place in the cosmos

3.The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to

  1. John B. Goodenough
  2. Stanley Whittingham
  3. Akira Yoshino

“for the development of lithium-ion batteries.”

4. The Nobel Prize in Literature 2019

The Nobel Prizes in Literature for 2018 and 2019

The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2018 is awarded to the Polish author Olga Tokarczuk “for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life.”

The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2019 is awarded to the Austrian author Peter Handke “for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.

  1. 2018Olga Tokarczuk
  2. 2019Peter Handke

5. The Nobel Peace Prize 2019

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea. The prize is also meant to recognise all the stakeholders working for peace and reconciliation in Ethiopia and in the East and Northeast African regions.

6. The Nobel Prize in Economics 2019

  1. Abhijit Banerjee
  2.  Esther Duflo
  3. Michael Kremer

“for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty”

Prize

Winners

Purpose

Chemistry

John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino

•For the development of ‘lithium-ion’ batteries

Economics

Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer

•For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty

Literature (2018 & 2019)

For 2019- Peter Handke (Austrian writer) & 2018 – Olga Tokarczuk (Polish author)

•Peter Handke(2019): For an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.

•Olga Tokarczuk(2018): For a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life.

Medicine

William G. Kaelin, Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe

•For their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.

Peace

Abiy Ahmed Ali (Prime Minister of Ethiopia)

•For his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea

Physics

Jim Peebles, Michel Mayor, Didier Queloz (Left to Right)

•For contributions to our understanding of the evolution of the universe and Earth’s place in the cosmos.

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